Musculoskeletal Disorders

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include problems such as low back pain, joint injuries and repetitive strain injuries of various sorts. There are many symptoms, including pain, numbness, pins and needles, restricted movements and the inability to perform usual tasks.



Back pain

can impact on many aspects of our lives, prevent us doing things that you would normally like to do. Fortunately there are a number of things you can do to lower the chances of developing disabling back pain and reduce the impact back pain may have on your life. Good back care focuses on preventing back pain from striking in the first place and also tries to prevent the negative consequences of back pain.  

 What can you do to help prevent back pain?

  • Stay active
  • Look after your posture
  • Use correct manual handling techniques
  • Healthy eating

 What can you do if you suffer back pain?

 If you are worried about the pain, if it persists or suddenly gets worse or if you have any of the following symptoms, you should consult your GP:
  • severe pain, which gets worse instead of better
  • if you are unwell with back pain
  • difficulty passing or controlling urine
  • numbness around your back passage or genitals
  • numbness, pins and needles or weakness in both legs
  • if you are unsteady on your feet



affects the bones, causing them to become thin and weak. One in two women and one in five men over the age of 50 experience fractures, mostly as a result of low bone strength. Fragility fractures caused by osteoporosis can happen in various parts of the body, the wrists, hips and spine are the most commonly affected sites.  Although there's no cure for osteoporosis, the good news is that there are ways to reduce your risk of fracture and slow down the progression of the condition.


Healthy living for strong bones

Our genes are key to deciding the potential size and strength of our skeleton but the way we live our life can also play a part. This includes:
  • healthy balanced diet
  • stop smoking
  • reduce alcohol intake
  • exercise


Upper Limb Disorders (ULDs)

Are disorders (pain, swelling, weakness, stiffness etc) of the upper limb (shoulders, arms, wrists, hands and fingers, pain sometimes extending to the neck). Affects muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves or other soft tissues and joints.

ULDs include recognised conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, tenosynovitis, and also conditions where there is pain but no recognised condition can be identified.


What might causes a ULD?

  • Repetitive work
  • Uncomfortable working postures
  • Sustained or excessive force
  • Carrying out a task for a long period of time
  • Poor working environment and organisation)
  • Individual differences and susceptibility



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